Model Information

This page provides detailed information about the OVP Fast Processor Model of the ARM Cortex-A53MPx3 core.
Processor IP owner is ARM Holdings. More information is available from them here.

OVP Fast Processor Model is written in C.
Provides a C API for use in C based platforms.
Provides a native C++ interface for use in SystemC TLM2 platforms.

The model is written using the OVP VMI API that provides a Virtual Machine Interface that defines the behavior of the processor.
The VMI API makes a clear line between model and simulator allowing very good optimization and world class high speed performance.

The model is provided as a binary shared object and is also available as source (different models have different licensing conditions). This allows the download and use of the model binary or the use of the source to explore and modify the model.

The model has been run through an extensive QA and regression testing process.

Parallel Simulation using Imperas QuantumLeap
Traditionally, processor models and simulators make use of one thread on the host PC. Imperas have developed a technology, called QuantumLeap, that makes use of the many host cores found in modern PC/workstations to achieve industry leading simulation performance. To find out about the Imperas parallel simulation lookup Imperas QuantumLeap. There are videos of QuantumLeap on ARM here, and MIPS here. For press information related to QuantumLeap for ARM click here or for MIPS click here.
Many of the OVP Fast Processor Models have been qualified to work with QuantumLeap - this is indicated for this model below.

Embedded Software Development tools
This model executes instructions of the target architecture and provides an interface for debug access. An interface to GDB is provided and this allows the connection of many industry standard debuggers that use the GDB/RSP interface. For more information watch the OVP video here.
The model also works with the Imperas Multicore Debugger and advanced Verification, Analysis and Profiling tools.

Instruction Set Simulator (ISS) for ARM Cortex-A53MPx3
An ISS is a software development tool that takes in instructions for a target processor and executes them. The heart of an ISS is the model of the processor. Imperas has developed a range of ISS products for use in embedded software development that utilize this fast Fast Processor Model. The Imperas ARM Cortex-A53MPx3 ISS runs on Windows/Linux x86 systems and takes a cross compiled elf file of your program and allows very fast execution. The ARM Cortex-A53MPx3 ISS also provides access to standard GDB/RSP debuggers and connects to the Eclipse IDE and Imperas debuggers.

Overview of ARM Cortex-A53MPx3 Fast Processor Model
Model Variant name: Cortex-A53MPx3
Description:
    ARM Processor Model
Licensing:
    Usage of binary model under license governing simulator usage.
    
    Note that for models of ARM CPUs the license includes the following terms:
    
    Licensee is granted a non-exclusive, worldwide, non-transferable, revocable licence to:
    
    If no source is being provided to the Licensee: use and copy only (no modifications rights are granted) the model for the sole purpose of designing, developing, analyzing, debugging, testing, verifying, validating and optimizing software which: (a) (i) is for ARM based systems; and (ii) does not incorporate the ARM Models or any part thereof; and (b) such ARM Models may not be used to emulate an ARM based system to run application software in a production or live environment.
    
    If source code is being provided to the Licensee: use, copy and modify the model for the sole purpose of designing, developing, analyzing, debugging, testing, verifying, validating and optimizing software which: (a) (i) is for ARM based systems; and (ii) does not incorporate the ARM Models or any part thereof; and (b) such ARM Models may not be used to emulate an ARM based system to run application software in a production or live environment.
    
    In the case of any Licensee who is either or both an academic or educational institution the purposes shall be limited to internal use.
    
    Except to the extent that such activity is permitted by applicable law, Licensee shall not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble this model. If this model was provided to Licensee in Europe, Licensee shall not reverse engineer, decompile or disassemble the Model for the purposes of error correction.
    
    The License agreement does not entitle Licensee to manufacture in silicon any product based on this model.
    
    The License agreement does not entitle Licensee to use this model for evaluating the validity of any ARM patent.
    
    Source of model available under separate Imperas Software License Agreement.
    ARMv8 architecture models additionally require a run time model license - contact Imperas for more information.
Limitations:
    Instruction pipelines are not modeled in any way. All instructions are assumed to complete immediately. This means that instruction barrier instructions (e.g. ISB, CP15ISB) are treated as NOPs, with the exception of any undefined instruction behavior, which is modeled. The model does not implement speculative fetch behavior. The branch cache is not modeled.
    Caches and write buffers are not modeled in any way. All loads, fetches and stores complete immediately and in order, and are fully synchronous (as if the memory was of Strongly Ordered or Device-nGnRnE type). Data barrier instructions (e.g. DSB, CP15DSB) are treated as NOPs, with the exception of any undefined instruction behavior, which is modeled. Cache manipulation instructions are implemented as NOPs, with the exception of any undefined instruction behavior, which is modeled.
    Real-world timing effects are not modeled: all instructions are assumed to complete in a single cycle.
    Performance Monitors are implemented as a register interface only.
    TLBs are architecturally-accurate but not device accurate. This means that all TLB maintenance and address translation operations are fully implemented but the cache is larger than in the real device.
    Debug registers are implemented but non-functional (which is sufficient to allow operating systems such as Linux to boot). Debug state is not implemented.
    The optional SIMD Cryptographic Extension instructions are not supported.
Verification:
    Models have been extensively tested by Imperas. ARM Cortex-A models have been successfully used by customers to simulate SMP Linux, Ubuntu Desktop, VxWorks and ThreadX on Xilinx Zynq virtual platforms.
Core Features:
    AArch64 is implemented at EL3, EL2, EL1 and EL0.
    AArch32 is implemented at EL3, EL2, EL1 and EL0.
Memory System:
    Security extensions are implemented (also known as TrustZone). To make non-secure accesses visible externally, override ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1.PARange to specify the required physical bus size (32, 36, 40, 42, 44 or 48 bits) and connect the processor to a bus one bit wider (33, 37, 41, 43, 45 or 49 bits, respectively). The extra most-significant bit is the NS bit, indicating a non-secure access. If non-secure accesses are not required to be made visible externally, connect the processor to a bus of exactly the size implied by ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1.PARange.
    VMSA EL1, EL2 and EL3 stage 1 address translation is implemented. VMSA stage 2 address translation is implemented.
    LPA (large physical address extension) is implemented as standard in ARMv8.
Advanced SIMD and Floating-Point Features:
    SIMD and VFP instructions are implemented.
    The model implements trapped exceptions if FPTrap is set to 1 in MVFR0 (for AArch32) or MVFR0_EL1 (for AArch64). When floating point exception traps are taken, cumulative exception flags are not updated (in other words, cumulative flag state is always the same as prior to instruction execution, even for SIMD instructions). When multiple enabled exceptions are raised by a single floating point operation, the exception reported is the one in least-significant bit position in FPSCR (for AArch32) or FPCR (for AArch64). When multiple enabled exceptions are raised by different SIMD element computations, the exception reported is selected from the lowest-index-number SIMD operation. Contact Imperas if requirements for exception reporting differ from these.
    Trapped exceptions not are implemented in this variant (FPTrap=0)
Generic Timer:
    Generic Timer is present. Use parameter override_timerScaleFactor to specify the counter rate as a fraction of the processor MIPS rate (e.g. 10 implies Generic Timer counters increment once every 10 processor instructions).
Generic Interrupt Controller:
    GIC block is implemented (GICv2, including security extensions). Accesses to GIC registers can be viewed externally by connecting to the 32-bit GICRegisters bus port. Secure register accesses are at offset 0x0 on this bus; for example, a secure access to GIC register GICD_CTLR can be observed by monitoring address 0x00001000. Non-secure accesses are at offset 0x80000000 on this bus; for example, a non-secure access to GIC register GICD_CTLR can be observed by monitoring address 0x80001000
    The internal GIC block can be disabled by raising signal GICCDISABLE, in which case the GIC needs to be modeled using a platform component instead. Input signals vfiq_CPU and virq_CPU can be used by this component to raise virtual FIQ and IRQ interrupts on cores in the cluster if required.
Integration Support:
    This model implements a number of non-architectural pseudo-registers and other features to facilitate integration.
Memory Transaction Query:
    Two registers are intended for use within memory callback functions to provide additional information about the current memory access. Register transactPL indicates the processor execution level of the current access (0-3). Note that for load/store translate instructions (e.g. LDRT, STRT) the reported execution level will be 0, indicating an EL0 access. Register transactAT indicates the type of memory access: 0 for a normal read or write; and 1 for a physical access resulting from a page table walk.
Page Table Walk Query:
    A banked set of registers provides information about the most recently completed page table walk. There are up to six banks of registers: bank 0 is for stage 1 walks, bank 1 is for stage 2 walks, and banks 2-5 are for stage 2 walks initiated by stage 1 level 0-3 entry lookups, respectively. Banks 1-5 are present only for processors with virtualization extensions. The currently active bank can be set using register PTWBankSelect. Register PTWBankValid is a bitmask indicating which banks contain valid data: for example, the value 0xb indicates that banks 0, 1 and 3 contain valid data.
    Within each bank, there are registers that record addresses and values read during that page table walk. Register PTWBase records the table base address. Registers PTWAddressL0-PTWAddressL3 record the addresses of level 0 to level 3 entries read, respectively, and register PTWAddressValid is a bitmask indicating which address registers contain valid data: for example, the value 0xe indicates that PTWAddressL1-PTWAddressL3 are valid but PTWAddressL0 is not. Registers PTWValueL0-PTWValueL3 contain entry values read at level 0 to level 3. Register PTWInput contains the input address that starts a walk and Register PTWOutput contains the result address (valid only if the page table walk completes). Register PTWValueValid is a bitmask indicating which value registers contain valid data: bits 0-3 indicate PTWValueL0-PTWValueL3, respectively, bit 4 indicates PTWBase, bit 5 indicates PTWInput and bit 6 indicates PTWOutput.
Artifact Page Table Walks:
    Registers are also available to enable a simulation environment to initiate an artifact page table walk (for example, to determine the ultimate PA corresponding to a given VA). Register PTWI_EL1S initiates a secure EL1 table walk for a fetch. Register PTWD_EL1S initiates a secure EL1 table walk for a load or store (note that current ARM processors have unified TLBs, so these registers are synonymous). Registers PTW[ID]_EL1NS initiate walks for non-secure EL1 accesses. Registers PTW[ID]_EL2 initiate EL2 walks. Registers PTW[ID]_S2 initiate stage 2 walks. Registers PTW[ID]_EL3 initiate AArch64 EL3 walks. Finally, registers PTW[ID]_current initiate current-mode walks (useful in a memory callback context). Each walk fills the query registers described above.
MMU and Page Table Walk Events:
    Two events are available that allow a simulation environment to be notified on MMU and page table walk actions. Event mmuEnable triggers when any MMU is enabled or disabled. Event pageTableWalk triggers on completion of any page table walk (including artifact walks).
Artifact Address Translations:
    A simulation environment can trigger an artifact address translation operation by writing to the architectural address translation registers (e.g. ATS1CPR). The results of such translations are written to an integration support register artifactPAR, instead of the architectural PAR register. This means that such artifact writes will not perturb architectural state.
Halt Reason Introspection:
    An artifact register HaltReason can be read to determine the reason or reasons that a processor is halted. This register is a bitfield, with the following encoding: bit 0 indicates the processor has executed a wait-for-event (WFE) instruction; bit 1 indicates the processor has executed a wait-for-interrupt (WFI) instruction; and bit 2 indicates the processor is held in reset.
System Register Access Monitor:
    If parameter enableSystemMonitorBus is True, an artifact 32-bit bus "SystemMonitor" is enabled for each PE. Every system register read or write by that PE is then visible as a read or write on this artifact bus, and can therefore be monitored using callbacks installed in the client environment (use opBusReadMonitorAdd/opBusWriteMonitorAdd or icmAddBusReadCallback/icmAddBusWriteCallback, depending on the client API). The format of the address on the bus is as follows:
    bits 31:26 - zero
    bit 25 - 1 if AArch64 access, 0 if AArch32 access
    bit 24 - 1 if non-secure access, 0 if secure access
    bits 23:20 - CRm value
    bits 19:16 - CRn value
    bits 15:12 - op2 value
    bits 11:8 - op1 value
    bits 7:4 - op0 value (AArch64) or coprocessor number (AArch32)
    bits 3:0 - zero
    As an example, to view non-secure writes to writes to CNTFRQ_EL0 in AArch64 state, install a write monitor on address range 0x020e0330:0x020e0333.
System Register Implementation:
    If parameter enableSystemBus is True, an artifact 32-bit bus "System" is enabled for each PE. Slave callbacks installed on this bus can be used to implement modified system register behavior (use opBusSlaveNew or icmMapExternalMemory, depending on the client API). The format of the address on the bus is the same as for the system monitor bus, described above.

Model downloadable (needs registration and to be logged in) in package arm.model for Windows32 and for Linux32
OVP simulator downloadable (needs registration and to be logged in) in package OVPsim for Windows32 and for Linux32
OVP Download page here.
OVP documentation that provides overview information on processor models is available OVP_Guide_To_Using_Processor_Models.pdf.

Full model specific documentation on the variant Cortex-A53MPx3 is available OVP_Model_Specific_Information_arm_Cortex-A53MPx3.pdf.

Configuration
Location: The Fast Processor Model source and object file is found in the installation VLNV tree: arm.ovpworld.org/processor/arm/1.0
Processor Endian-ness: This model can be set to either endian-ness (normally by a pin, or the ELF code).
Processor ELF Code: The ELF code for this model is: 0xb7
QuantumLeap Support: The processor model is qualified to run in a QuantumLeap enabled simulator.

TLM Initiator Ports (Bus Ports)
Port TypeNameWidth (bits)Description
masterINSTRUCTION44
masterDATA44
masterGICRegisters32
SystemC Signal Ports (Net Ports)
Port TypeNameDescription
SPI32input
SPI33input
SPI34input
SPI35input
SPI36input
SPI37input
SPI38input
SPI39input
SPI40input
SPI41input
SPI42input
SPI43input
SPI44input
SPI45input
SPI46input
SPI47input
SPI48input
SPI49input
SPI50input
SPI51input
SPI52input
SPI53input
SPI54input
SPI55input
SPI56input
SPI57input
SPI58input
SPI59input
SPI60input
SPI61input
SPI62input
SPI63input
SPI64input
SPI65input
SPI66input
SPI67input
SPI68input
SPI69input
SPI70input
SPI71input
SPI72input
SPI73input
SPI74input
SPI75input
SPI76input
SPI77input
SPI78input
SPI79input
SPI80input
SPI81input
SPI82input
SPI83input
SPI84input
SPI85input
SPI86input
SPI87input
SPI88input
SPI89input
SPI90input
SPI91input
SPI92input
SPI93input
SPI94input
SPI95input
SPIVectorinput
periphResetinput
GICCDISABLEinput
EVENTIinput
EVENTOoutput
PPI16_CPU0input
PPI17_CPU0input
PPI18_CPU0input
PPI19_CPU0input
PPI20_CPU0input
PPI21_CPU0input
PPI22_CPU0input
PPI23_CPU0input
PPI24_CPU0input
PPI25_CPU0input
PPI26_CPU0input
PPI27_CPU0input
PPI28_CPU0input
PPI29_CPU0input
PPI30_CPU0input
PPI31_CPU0input
CNTVIRQ_CPU0output
CNTPSIRQ_CPU0output
CNTPNSIRQ_CPU0output
CNTPHPIRQ_CPU0output
IRQOUT_CPU0output
FIQOUT_CPU0output
CLUSTERIDAFF1input
CLUSTERIDAFF2input
VINITHI_CPU0input
CFGEND_CPU0input
CFGTE_CPU0input
reset_CPU0input
fiq_CPU0input
irq_CPU0input
sei_CPU0input
vfiq_CPU0input
virq_CPU0input
vsei_CPU0input
AXI_SLVERR_CPU0input
CP15SDISABLE_CPU0input
PPI16_CPU1input
PPI17_CPU1input
PPI18_CPU1input
PPI19_CPU1input
PPI20_CPU1input
PPI21_CPU1input
PPI22_CPU1input
PPI23_CPU1input
PPI24_CPU1input
PPI25_CPU1input
PPI26_CPU1input
PPI27_CPU1input
PPI28_CPU1input
PPI29_CPU1input
PPI30_CPU1input
PPI31_CPU1input
CNTVIRQ_CPU1output
CNTPSIRQ_CPU1output
CNTPNSIRQ_CPU1output
CNTPHPIRQ_CPU1output
IRQOUT_CPU1output
FIQOUT_CPU1output
VINITHI_CPU1input
CFGEND_CPU1input
CFGTE_CPU1input
reset_CPU1input
fiq_CPU1input
irq_CPU1input
sei_CPU1input
vfiq_CPU1input
virq_CPU1input
vsei_CPU1input
AXI_SLVERR_CPU1input
CP15SDISABLE_CPU1input
PPI16_CPU2input
PPI17_CPU2input
PPI18_CPU2input
PPI19_CPU2input
PPI20_CPU2input
PPI21_CPU2input
PPI22_CPU2input
PPI23_CPU2input
PPI24_CPU2input
PPI25_CPU2input
PPI26_CPU2input
PPI27_CPU2input
PPI28_CPU2input
PPI29_CPU2input
PPI30_CPU2input
PPI31_CPU2input
CNTVIRQ_CPU2output
CNTPSIRQ_CPU2output
CNTPNSIRQ_CPU2output
CNTPHPIRQ_CPU2output
IRQOUT_CPU2output
FIQOUT_CPU2output
VINITHI_CPU2input
CFGEND_CPU2input
CFGTE_CPU2input
reset_CPU2input
fiq_CPU2input
irq_CPU2input
sei_CPU2input
vfiq_CPU2input
virq_CPU2input
vsei_CPU2input
AXI_SLVERR_CPU2input
CP15SDISABLE_CPU2input

No FIFO Ports in Cortex-A53MPx3.

Exceptions
NameCodeDescription
Reset0
Undefined1
SupervisorCall2
SecureMonitorCall3
HypervisorCall4
PrefetchAbort5
DataAbort6
HypervisorTrap7
IRQ8
FIQ9
IllegalState10
MisalignedPC11
MisalignedSP12
SError13
Execution Modes
ModeCodeDescription
EL0t0
EL1t4
EL1h5
EL2t8
EL2h9
EL3t12
EL3h13
User16
FIQ17
IRQ18
Supervisor19
Monitor22
Abort23
Hypervisor26
Undefined27
System31
More Detailed Information

The Cortex-A53MPx3 OVP Fast Processor Model also has parameters, model commands, and many registers.
The model may also have hierarchy or be multicore and have other attributes and capabilities.
To see this information, please have a look at the model variant specific documents.
Click here to see the detailed document OVP_Model_Specific_Information_arm_Cortex-A53MPx3.pdf.

Other Sites/Pages with similar information

Information on the Cortex-A53MPx3 OVP Fast Processor Model can also be found on other web sites:
www.ovpworld.org has the library pages http://www.ovpworld.org/library/wikka.php?wakka=CategoryProcessor
www.fast-cpu-models.com has the page www.fast-cpu-models.com/arm_models/cortex-a53mpx3
www.fast-model-tools-user-guide.com has the page www.fast-model-tools-user-guide.com/arm_models/cortex-a53mpx3
www.embedded-processor-models.org has the page www.embedded-processor-models.org/arm_models/cortex-a53mpx3
www.cpu-model-emulator.com has the page www.cpu-model-emulator.com/arm_models/cortex-a53mpx3
www.processor-models.org has the page www.processor-models.org/arm_models/cortex-a53mpx3
www.imperas.com has more information on the model library

A couple of documents (from other related sites that might be of interest)
http://www.ovpworld.org: VMI Operating System support (VMI OS) API Reference Guide
http://www.ovpworld.org: Control File User Guide

Two Videos on these models (from other sites)
http://www.ovpworld.org: PowerPC Bare Metal Video Presentation
http://www.ovpworld.org: Altera Nios II Bare Metal & Cyclone III Linux Booting Demo Video


Currently available Fast Processor Model Families.

FamilyModel Variant
Renesas Models    Renesas Models aliases V850 V850E1 V850E1F V850ES V850E2 V850E2M V850E2R RH850G3M m16c r8c RL78-S1 RL78-S2 RL78-S3 (aliases)
MIPS Models    MIPS Models aliases ISA M14K M14KcTLB M14KcFMM 4KEc 4KEm 4KEp M4K 4Kc 4Km 4Kp 24Kc 24Kf 24KEc 24KEf 34Kc 34Kf 34Kn 74Kc 74Kf 1004Kc 1004Kf 1074Kc 1074Kf microAptivC microAptivP microAptivCF interAptiv interAptivUP proAptiv 5Kf 5Kc 5KEf 5KEc M5100 M5150 M6200 MIPS32R6 P5600 P6600 I6400 MIPS64R6 (aliases)
ARM Models    ARM Models aliases ARMv4T ARMv4xM ARMv4 ARMv4TxM ARMv5xM ARMv5 ARMv5TxM ARMv5T ARMv5TExP ARMv5TE ARMv5TEJ ARMv6 ARMv6K ARMv6T2 ARMv6KZ ARMv7 ARM7TDMI ARM7EJ-S ARM720T ARM920T ARM922T ARM926EJ-S ARM940T ARM946E ARM966E ARM968E-S ARM1020E ARM1022E ARM1026EJ-S ARM1136J-S ARM1156T2-S ARM1176JZ-S Cortex-R4 Cortex-R4F Cortex-A5UP Cortex-A5MPx1 Cortex-A5MPx2 Cortex-A5MPx3 Cortex-A5MPx4 Cortex-A8 Cortex-A9UP Cortex-A9MPx1 Cortex-A9MPx2 Cortex-A9MPx3 Cortex-A9MPx4 Cortex-A7UP Cortex-A7MPx1 Cortex-A7MPx2 Cortex-A7MPx3 Cortex-A7MPx4 Cortex-A15UP Cortex-A15MPx1 Cortex-A15MPx2 Cortex-A15MPx3 Cortex-A15MPx4 Cortex-A17MPx1 Cortex-A17MPx2 Cortex-A17MPx3 Cortex-A17MPx4 AArch32 AArch64 Cortex-A53MPx1 Cortex-A53MPx2 Cortex-A53MPx3 Cortex-A53MPx4 Cortex-A57MPx1 Cortex-A57MPx2 Cortex-A57MPx3 Cortex-A57MPx4 Cortex-A72MPx1 Cortex-A72MPx2 Cortex-A72MPx3 Cortex-A72MPx4 MultiCluster ARMv6-M ARMv7-M Cortex-M0 Cortex-M0plus Cortex-M1 Cortex-M3 Cortex-M4 Cortex-M4F (aliases)
POWER Models    POWER Models aliases mpc82x UISA m476 m470 m460 m440 (aliases)
Other Models    Other Models aliases Synopsys ARC_600 Synopsys ARC_605 Synopsys ARC_700 Synopsys ARC_0x21 Synopsys ARC_0x22 Synopsys ARC_0x31 Synopsys ARC_0x32 openCores_generic Xilinx MicroBlaze_V7_00 Xilinx MicroBlaze_V7_10 Xilinx MicroBlaze_V7_20 Xilinx MicroBlaze_V7_30 Xilinx MicroBlaze_V8_00 Xilinx MicroBlaze_V8_10 Xilinx MicroBlaze_V8_20 Xilinx MicroBlaze_V9_50 Xilinx MicroBlaze_ISA Altera Nios II_Nios_II_F Altera Nios II_Nios_II_S Altera Nios II_Nios_II_E (aliases)